Questioning is an important part of learning. Questioning before, during and after reading helps to establish better control over inquiry into the reading material. The following questions range from simple recall questions to those that probe into the value of the material.
1. Memory Questions simply require the recall of information, stated facts and concepts and generalizations.
(Example: What is the boiling point of water?)
2. Translation Questions involve expressing an idea in a different form, such as words to symbols, words to diagrams or words to other words, etc.
(Example: Explain Einstein’s formula E = mc² in my own words.)
3. Interpretation Questions require drawing relationships among facts, definitions, generalizations or values.
(Example: Compare the effects of alcohol and marijuana.)
4. Application Questions require transferring concepts from the academic context to everyday life experiences.
(Example: Discuss how the population explosion affects us.)
5. In Analysis Questions one must understand the parts and reasoning process holding the parts together, then identify the logical steps to arrive at a conclusion.
(Example: How did Jefferson arrive at his conclusion that all men are created equal?)
6. Synthesis Questions ask the reader to bring together information in order to create a new idea.
(Example: Develop a doctrine as a guide for the U.S.’s relationship with the Middle East over the next decade.)
7. Evaluation Questions require judgments of value and validity measured against specific standards derived from internal and/or external criteria.
(Example: When should individual freedom be given preference over the welfare of the community as a whole, and vice-versa? Why?)