There are four basic types of aid — grants, scholarships, loans and federal work study. Grants and scholarships are forms of financial assistance that do not have to be repaid. Loans are federally funded sources of assistance that must be repaid with interest. The Federal Work Study (FWS) program is an employment program funded by the federal government. Students qualify for this program on the basis of financial need as determined by their Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).